The Impact of Implicit Bias on African American Students in Special Education and Specifically the Labeling of African American Males as having Emotional Behavioral Disorders.

-Keary Wayne Saffold, August 2016

Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts in Educational Leadership at Saint Mary’s University of Minnesota


Government Accountability Office. (2013). Individuals With Disabilities Education Act: Standards needed to improve identification of racial and ethnic overrepresentation in special education (GAO-13-137). Retrieved from http://www.gao.gov/products/gao-13-137

Codrington, J. (2012, February). Special Education and the Mis- Education of African   American Children: A Call to Action. Retrieved from http://www.abpsi.org/pdf/specialedpositionpaper021312.pdf